NEET Syllabus for Physics, Chemistry and Biology – 2020

Neet 2020 Syllabus

Summary of NEET Syllabus 2020

The NEET syllabus for 2020 prescribed by the Medical Council of India (MCI) and CBSE, mainly covers 3 subjects, Physics, Chemistry, Biology. For these three subjects, after reviewing state board syllabus of various states, Central Board of Secondary Education and National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), Medical Council of India (MCI) has prescribed the following syllabus for NEET examination.

Most of the topics covered in the NEET syllabus have a direct correlation with Class 11 and Class 12 NCERT textbooks. By referring just the NCERT textbooks, one can score most of the questions in the NEET examination. Find topic wise NEET syllabus as well as detailed syllabus for NEET examination.

Topic-wise NEET Syllabus

NEET Syllabus for Physics – Topics

The NEET Syllabus For Physics contains ten chapters from Class Eleven and Nine Chapters from Class Twelve NCERT Physics.

  1. Class 11 – Physical World and Measurement
  2. Class 11 – Kinematics
  3. Class 11 – Laws of Motion
  4. Class 11 – Work, Energy, and Power
  5. Class 11 – Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
  6. Class 11 – Gravitation
  7. Class 11 – Properties of Bulk Matter
  8. Class 11 – Thermodynamics
  9. Class 11 – Behavior of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory
  10. Class 11 – Oscillations and Waves
  11. Class 12 – Electrostatics
  12. Class 12 – Current Electricity
  13. Class 12 – Magnetic Effects of Magnetism and Current
  14. Class 12 – Alternating Current and Electromagnetic Induction
  15. Class 12 – Electromagnetic Waves
  16. Class 12 – Optics
  17. Class 12 – Matter and Radiation and Its Dual Nature
  18. Class 12 – Atoms and Nuclei
  19. Class 12 – Electronic Devices

NEET Syllabus for Chemistry – Topics

The NEET Syllabus for Chemistry contains 14 topics from class eleven and sixteen topics from class twelve CBSE Syllabus.

  1. Class 11 – Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  2. Class 11 – Structure of Atom
  3. Class 11 – Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
  4. Class 11 – Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  5. Class 11 – States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
  6. Class 11 – Thermodynamics
  7. Class 11 – Equilibrium
  8. Class 11 – Redox Reactions
  9. Class 11 – Hydrogen
  10. Class 11 – S Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)
  11. Class 11 – P Block Elements
  12. Class 11 – Organic Chemistry – Principles and Techniques
  13. Class 11 – Hydrocarbons
  14. Class 11 – Environmental Chemistry
  15. Class 12 – Solid State
  16. Class 12 – Solutions
  17. Class 12 – Electrochemistry
  18. Class 12 – Chemical Kinetics
  19. Class 12 – Surface Chemistry
  20. Class 12 – Principle and Process of Isolation of Elements
  21. Class 12 – P Block Elements
  22. Class 12 – D and F Block Elements
  23. Class 12 – Coordination Compounds
  24. Class 12 – Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  25. Class 12 – Alcohol, Phenols, and Ethers
  26. Class 12 – Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids
  27. Class 12 – Organic compounds containing Nitrogen
  28. Class 12 – Biomolecules
  29. Class 12 – Polymers
  30. Class 12 – Chemistry in Everyday Life

NEET Syllabus for Biology – Topics

All the topics for NEET examination are directly derived from the NCERT +1 and +2 Biology Books. The NEET syllabus for Biology contains 5 topics from class 11 and 5 topics from class 12.

  1. Class 11 – Diversity In Living World
  2. Class 11 – Structural Organization in Plants and Animals
  3. Class 11 – Cell Structure and Cell Function
  4. Class 11 – Plant Physiology
  5. Class 11 – Human Physiology
  6. Class 12 – Reproduction
  7. Class 12 – Evolution and Genetics
  8. Class 12 – Human Welfare
  9. Class 12 – Biotechnology and Applications
  10. Class 12 – Environment and Ecology

Detailed NEET Physics Syllabus

Topic 1 – Physical World and Measurement

  • The scope of Physics. Nature of Physical Laws. Physics, Technology, and Society
  • Need for Measurement. Unit of Measurement. The system of Units. SI Units, Fundamental Unit, and Derived Units. Length, Mass and Time measurements. Accuracy and Precision of Measuring Instruments. Errors in Measurement. Significant Figures.
  • Introduction to Dimension Analysis,  Applications of Dimensional analysis

Topic 2 – Kinematics

  • The frame of Reference, Motion in Straight Line, speed and velocity, Position time graph, Uniform Motion, Nonuniform motion, Instantaneous velocity and Average Speed, Uniformly accelerated motion, position time graph. Uniformly Accelerated Motion – Velocity time graph.
  • Differentiation and Integration – Elementary concepts for describing motion. Scalar and Vector Quantities. General Vectors. Equality of Vectors. Addition / Subtraction of Vectors. Multiplication of Vectors by the real number. Position and Displacement vectors. Relative Velocity.
  • Unit vectors, Resolution of vector in a plane-rectangular component
  • Scalar and Vector Products of Vectors. Motion in a Plane. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration. Projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.

Topic 3 – Laws of Motion

  • Force and Inertia. Momentum and Impulse. Newton’s first law of motion; Newton’s second law of motion; Newton’s third law of motion. Application of Law of conservation of linear momentum.
  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Laws of Friction. Static and Kinetic friction, rolling friction and lubrication.
  • Uniform circular motion – Dynamics. Centripetal force, Circular motion examples – vehicle on the banked road and level circular road

Topic 4 – Work, Energy, Power

  • Constant force and variable force -Work Done; Kinetic energy, Power, Work Energy theorem.
  • Potential energy, Spring Potential Energy, Conservative forces; Kinetic and Potential Energies – Conservation of mechanical energy; non-conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, inelastic and elastic collisions in 1 and 2 dimensions.

Topic 5 – Motion of System of Particles

  • Centre of the mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and center of mass motion. Centre of the mass of a rigid body; center of mass of uniform rod.
  • Moment of a force,-torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples.
  • Rigid Body Rotation. Equilibrium of rigid bodies. Equation of rotational motion, comparison of rotational and linear motions; Radius of Gyration. Moment of inertia. Moment of Inertia for simple geometrical objects. Statement of perpendicular and parallel axes theorems and its applications.

You can find the complete syllabus for Physics NEET examination inside the following PDF document.
Download complete NEET Syllabus Physics-2020 by clicking here.

Detailed Chemistry Syllabus for NEET

Topic 1 – Basic Concepts of Chemistry

  • Scope of Chemistry and Its Importance
  • Laws of Chemical Combination. Dalton’s atomic theory. Elements, Atoms, and Molecules.
  • Atomic and Molecular Masses. Mole concept and Molar Mass. Percentage composition. Empirical and Molecular Formula. Chemical Reactions. Stoichiometry and Calculations based on Stoichiometry.

Topic 2 – Structure of Atom

  • Atomic number, isotopes, and isobars. The concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of light and matter. Heisenberg uncertainty principle and de Broglie’s relationship.
  • Quantum Number, Concept of orbital, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, Rules for filling electrons in orbitals- Pauli Exclusion Principle and Aufbau principle. Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals

Topic 3 – Classification of Elements and Periodicity In Properties

  • Modern periodic law.  The long form of periodic table. Trends in periodic properties of elements – Ionic Radii, Atomic radii, Ionization enthalpy, Electronegativity, Electron gain enthalpy, valence.

Topic 4 – Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • Valence electrons, Covalent Bond and Ionic bond. Polar Character of Covalent Bond. Bond parameters, Lewis structure, valence bond theory, Geometry of Molecules, resonance, VSEPR theory
  • The concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals, and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only). Hydrogen bond.

Topic 5 – States of Matter – Liquid and Gases

  • Three states of matter.  Interactions between molecular. Bonding Types, boiling points and melting points, the role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule, Charle’s Law, Boyle’s law, Avogadro’s Law and Gay Lussac’s law.
  • The ideal behavior of gases, Deviation from Ideal Behavior, empirical derivation of the gas equation. Ideal Gas Equation. Avogadro number.  Elementary Idea of Kinetic energy and molecular speeds. Critical Temperature and liquefaction of gases.
  • Liquid State – Surface Tension, Vapour pressure and viscosity (No mathematical derivations).

Topic 6 – Thermodynamics

  • First law of thermodynamics – Enthalpy and Internal energy, Specific heat and heat capacity, measurement of U and H, Hest Summation – Hess’s law of constant. Enthalpy of: bond formation, dissociation, combustion, sublimation, ionization, atomization, phase transition, solution, and dilution.
  • The introduction of entropy as a state function, 2nd law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for the non-spontaneous and spontaneous process, criteria for spontaneity and equilibrium.
  • Brief Introduction to Third law of thermodynamics

Topic 7 – Equilibrium

  • Equilibrium in Chemical and physical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, Equilibrium Constant, the law of chemical equilibrium. Factors That Affect equilibrium. Le Chatelier’s principle; Ionisation of bases and acids, weak and strong electrolytes. Ionic equilibrium and degree of ionization, Acid Strength. Ionization of polybasic acids, concept of PH., Elementary Idea of Hydrolysis of salts, buffer solutions, Solubility Product and Henderson equation. Illustrative Examples of common ion effect.

Topic 8 – Redox Reactions

  • The concept of Reduction and oxidation, Oxidation Number, Redox reactions, How to balance redox reactions in terms of gain of electron or loss gain of an electron. Balancing Redox Reaction in terms of change in oxidation numbers.

Topic 8 – Hydrogen

  • Occurrence, Hydrogen isotopes, preparation, Hydrogen Properties, and uses; hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial; Chemical and Physical and properties of water and heavy water; Preparation of hydrogen peroxide – Structure and Uses of Hydrogen peroxide.

Topic 9 – S Block Elements

  • Group I and Group II elements: Introduction, Occurrence, electronic configuration. Ist element of each group – properties, the diagonal relationship, Variation of properties such as ionic and atomic radii and ionization enthalpy, chemical reactivity with water, hydrogen, oxygen, and halogens; uses.
  • Important Compounds – Preparation and Properties of Sodium Chloride, Sodium carbonate, Sodium hydrogen carbonate, and sodium hydroxide. The biological importance of Potassium and Sodium.
  • Industrial use of limestone and lime, biological importance of Calcium and Magnesium.

Topic 10 –  P-Block Elements

  • General Introduction to p-Block Elements. Group 13 elements: Introduction, Occurrence, Electronic Configuration, Variation of properties, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of Ist element of the group; Boron,
  • Group 13 elements: Introduction, Occurrence, Electronic Configuration, Variation of properties, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of the Ist element of the group – Boron, Important compounds: Boric Acids, Borax, Boron Hydrides. Aluminium: reactions with acids and alkalies and uses.
  • General 14 elements: Introduction, Occurrence, Configuration, Oxidation States, Variation of properties, chemical reactivity trends, the anomalous behavior of Ist element. Carbon- Physical and Chemical Properties – allotropic forms. Uses of some important compounds: oxides. Important compounds of silicon: silicones, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, and zeolites – uses of silicon compounds.

You can find the complete syllabus for Chemistry NEET examination inside the following PDF document.
Download complete NEET Syllabus Chemistry-2020 by clicking here.

Detailed Biology Syllabus For NEET

Topic 1 – Diversity In Living World

  • What is living? Biodiversity. Need for Classification. Three domains of life. Taxonomy and Systematics. The concept of Species and taxonomical hierarchy. Binomial Nomenclature, Tools for Study of Taxonomy – Herbaria, Zoos, Museums, Botanical Garden
  • Two And Five Kingdom Classification. Classification and Salient Features of Monera, Fungi, and Protista into major groups. Virus and Lichens.
  • Classification and Features of Plants. Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Algae, Angiosperms, and Gymnosperms (3 to 5 distinguishing features and minimum of 2 examples for each category). Angiosperm -salient features and classification up-to classes with examples.
  • Classification and Features of animals – non-chordate up to phyla level and chordate up to class level (3 to 5 distinguishing features and minimum of 2 examples)

Topic 2 – Structural Organization in Animals and Plants

  • Plant Morphology and Modifications. Functions and Anatomy of flowering plants. Leaf, Stem, Root, Seed, Fruit, Flower, Inflorescence – recemose and cymose
  • Animal Tissues, Morphology, Function, and Anatomy of different systems. Reproductive, Nervous, Respiratory, Circulatory, Digestive Systems.  A brief account of above said systems for an insect (cockroach).

Topic 3 – Cell Structure and Function

  • Cell Theory; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function; Endoplasmic Reticulum and Endomembrane system, Vacuoles and Lysosomes, Golgi bodies; Ribosomes, Mitochondria, plastids, and micro bodies; Function and Structure – Cilia, cytoskeleton, cilia, Centrioles, Flagella; Nucleus-nuclear membrane, nucleolus, chromatin.
  • Living Cell – Chemical constituents: Biomolecules-structure and function of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids; Types, Properties, and Action of Enzymes.
  • Cell Cycle, B-Cell division: Significance of mitosis and meiosis.

Topic 4 – Plant Physiology

  • Transport in plants: Movement of water, nutrients and gases; Transport between Cells – Active Transport, Diffusion and  facilitated diffusion; Relation between Plant and  Water  – Water Potential , Imbibition, plasmolysis, osmosis; Transport of water to Long distance – Absorption, symplast, apoplast, transpiration pull, guttation and root pressure; Transpiration- Stomata Opening and closing; Uptake of mineral nutrients. Translocation of mineral nutrients and food, Transport of phloem, Mass flow hypothesis; Brief mention – Diffusion of gases
  • Mineral nutrition: Role of Macro and Micronutrients. Essential minerals; Deficiency of nutrients and its symptoms; Mineral toxicity; Mineral Nutrition in Hydroponics – Elementary Idea; Nitrogen metabolism in Plants – Nirtorgen Fixation and Nitrogen cycle
  • Photosynthesis: Autotrophic nutrition; photosynthesis site and pigments involved; Phase of Photosynthesis -Biosynthetic and Photochemical phases; Cyclic and noncyclic photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; C3 and C4 Pathways of Photorespiration; Factors that affect photosynthesis.
  • Respiration: Exchange of gases; Cellular respiration-glycolysis, anaerobic fermentation, TCA cycle and aerobic electron transport system; Number of ATP molecules -Energy relations; Respiratory Quotient; Amphibolic pathways.
  • Plant Development: Seed germination; Plant Growth Rate, Phases of Plant growth; Conditions of growth; Differentiation, redifferentiation and dedifferentiation; Sequence of the growth process in a plant cell; Growth regulators-ethylene, auxin, cytokinin, gibberellin, ABA; Seed dormancy;  Photoperiodism; Vernalisation.

Topic 5 – Human Physiology

  • Digestion and absorption; Digestive Glands and Alimentary canal; gastrointestinal hormones, Role of digestive enzymes; absorption and assimilation of proteins, Peristalsis, carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, fats and carbohydrates; Egestion; Digestive and Nutritional disorders – Indigestion, PEM, constipation, diarrhea, vomiting, jaundice.
  • Breathing and Respiration: Animal Respiratory organs; Human Respiratory system; Mechanism and Regulation of breathing in humans – Transport of Gases, Exchange of gases. Respiratory volumes; Respiration Disorders – Asthma, Occupational respiratory disorders, Emphysema.
  •  Body fluids and circulation: Blood Composition, blood groups, Blood coagulation; Composition and function of lymph; Human circulatory system – Blood Vessels, Structure of human heart; ECG, Cardiac output and Cardiac cycle, Double circulation; Cardiac activity regulation; Circulatory System Disorders – Heart Failure,Coronary artery disease, Hypertension, Angina pectoris.
  • Elimination of Excretory products: Modes of excretion – Ureotelism, Ammonotelism, Uricotelism; Structure and function of Human excretory system; Osmoregulation and Urine formation; Regulation of kidney function – Atrial Natriuretic Factor, Renin-angiotensin,  Diabetes insipidus and ADH; Role of other organs during excretion; Disorders; Renal Calculi, Renal failure, Nephritis, Uraemia; Artificial Kidney and Dialysis.
  • Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement-flagellar, ciliary, muscular; Skeletal muscle – musle contraction and contractile proteins; Functions of Skeletal system; Joints; Disorders of skeletal and muscular -Tetany, Myasthenia gravis, Arthritis, Gout, Muscular dystrophy , Osteoporosis.
  • Neural control and coordination: Nerves and Neuron; Human Nervous system – central nervous system(CNS), peripheral nervous system(PNS) and visceral nervous system(VNS); Nerve impulse – Generation and conduction; Reflex action; Sense organs – Eye and Ear – Structure and function.
  • Chemical coordination and regulation: Hormones and Endocrine glands; Endocrine system in Humans -Adrenal, Pituitary, Hypothalamus, Thyroid, Pineal, Pancreas, Parathyroid,  Gonads; Hormone Action Mechanism ; Role of hormones as regulators and messengers, Hypoactivity and hyperactivity and related disorders – Cretinism, Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Diabetes  Exophthalmic goiter, Addison’s disease)

Topic – 6 Reproduction

  • Reproduction in organisms: Introduction to Reproduction – continuation of species; Sexual and Asexual Modes of reproduction; Modes of Asexual reproduction – Budding, Binary fission, gemmule, sporulation, fragmentation; Plant Vegetative propagation.
  • Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Structure of Flower; Development of female and male gametophytes; Types, agencies and examples of Pollination; Device for Outbreeding;Double fertilization; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Post fertilization events – Development of embryo and endosperm, Formation of Fruit; Development of seed; Special modes-apomixis,polyembryony, parthenocarpy; Significance of formation of seed and fruit.
  • Human Reproduction: Female and male reproductive systems; Anatomy of ovary and testis; Gametogenesis -oogenesis and spermatogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Implantation, Fertilisation, embryo development, blastocyst formation; Placenta Formation during Pregnancy; Parturition; Lactation.
  • Reproductive health: Need. Prevention of STD (sexually transmitted diseases); Need for Birth control-Methods, Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Contraception; Amniocentesis; Assisted Reproductive Technologies for Infertility  –ZIFT, IVF, GIFT.

Topic 7 – Genetics and Evolution

  • Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism-Co-dominance, Incomplete dominance, Multiple alleles. Blood Group Inheritance, Pleiotropy; Polygenic inheritance basics; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Genes and Chromosomes; Determining Sex In birds, humans, honey bee; Crossing Over and Linkage; Sex linked inheritance – Colour blindness, Haemophilia; Chromosomal disorders in humans;Turner’s syndrome, Down’s syndrome, and Klinefelter’s syndromes; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia.
  • Molecular basis of Inheritance: DNA as genetic material; Search for genetic material; Structure of RNA and DNA; DNA Replication; DNA packaging; Central dogma; Genetic Code, Transcription, translation; Gene regulation and expression – DNA finger printing, Lac Operon; human genome project.
  • Evolution: Biological Evolution; Origin of life; Evidence for biological evolution from Paleontology, embryology and molecular evidence, comparative anatomy; Darwin’s contribution to evolution, Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution; Variation (Mutation and Recombination) – Mechanism of evolution; Examples of Natural Selection, types of natural selection; Genetic Drift and Gene flow; Adaptive Radiation; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Human evolution.

Topic 8 – Biology and Human Welfare

  • Health and Disease – Parasites causing human diseases (Common cold, Ring worm, Filariasis, Malaria, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia, amoebiasis); Pathogens; Vaccines – Basic concepts of immunology; Cancer; AIDS and HIV; Adolescence, drug, alcohol abuse.
  • Improvement in food production; Breeding Plants, tissue culture, and single cell protein, Biofortification;  Animal husbandry and Apiculture.
  • Microbes in human welfare: Industrial Production, In household food processing, sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol biofertilizers and agents.

Topic 9 – Biotechnology and Its Applications

  • Principles and process of Biotechnology: DNA Technology and Genetic engineering.
  • Application of Biotechnology in agriculture and health: Vaccine Production; Human insulin, gene therapy; BT Crops – Genetically modified plants; Transgenic Animals; Biosafety issues- Patents and Biopiracy.

Topic 10 – Ecology and Environment

  • Organisms and environment: Habitat; Ecological Adaptations; Population; Population interactions-predation, competition, mutualism, parasitism; Population attributes – birth rate, growth, age distribution, and death rate.
  • Ecosystem: Patterns and components; decomposition and productivity; Energy flow; Pyramids of number, energy, biomass; Nutrient cycling (phosphorous and carbon); Ecological Services – Oxygen Release, Pollination, Carbon fixation; Ecological succession.
  • Biodiversity and its conservation: Biodiversity Basics and Importance; Biodiversity Patterns; Loss of Biodiversity; Conservation of Biodiversity; Endangered Ornasims and extinction, biosphere reserves, Hotspots, Red Data Book, National parks, and Sanctuaries.
  • Environmental issues: Controlling Air pollution; Effects of Agrochemicals; Controlling Water pollution; Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Deforestation; Ozone depletion; Greenhouse effect and global warning; Three success stories that address environmental issues as case studies.

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